A civil right attorney specializes in protecting both individuals and groups from civil rights violations (like discrimination on account of race or gender) by exploring all options for doing so as provided by the laws of the United States.
You need a civil rights lawyer if you have suffered discrimination because of your national origin, race, disability, religion or gender. You also need such a lawyer if your rights to procedural due process have been violated, your rights to freedom of speech or the right to adhere to any religion infringed upon or you have been subjected to unreasonable searches and seizures. You should contact an attorney that specializes in civil rights law if you have suffered punishment that is unusual and cruel, have been abused by a public official or have lost a job (or been denied something that you are entitled) to due to discrimination.
A civil rights lawyer will help you by reviewing your particular case and explaining to you if it has merits and your chances of winning, give you an idea how long a lawsuit might take, file lawsuits in order to seek redress for violations of your rights and help you negotiate settlements for such violations.